The cluster is located on the western side of the Great Dividing Range and is dominated by landforms such as tablelands, slopes and plains. The Central Slopes regional Natural Resource Management (NRM) organisations in Queensland are the Queensland Murray Darling Committee (the Border Rivers and Maranoa-Balonne catchments) and the Condamine Alliance (Condamine catchment); and in New South Wales the former Catchment Management Authorities (CMAs) for the Border Rivers-Gwydir, the Namoi and the Central West. In January 2014, the CMA regions of NSW were re-aligned to form the new Local Land Services (LLS) regions.The North West, Northern Tablelands, Central West and Central Tablelands LLS regions all have areas included within the Central Slopes cluster.
A range of climate change impacts and adaptation challenges have been identified by the NRM organisations across this cluster. These include the management of invasive species; identifying opportunities for improved carbon sequestration; understanding the likely changes to agricultural production including changes to the growing conditions and yields for key crops; managing soil erosion and land degradation; and improving the resilience of riparian, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.